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Total Solar Power Home System | How Does it Work?

How does a total solar power home system work?

A solar-powered home system captures the energy of sunlight and converts it into electricity. The sun is a powerful source of renewable energy, and when harnessed can be used to power everything in your home from appliances to lights and fridges.

Solar panels capture the light and turn it into power. The photons (or particles) that makeup sunlight are captured by the solar panel and turned into electrical current. This current is then sent to an inverter, which converts it into usable 220-volt AC electricity that can power all of your devices and appliances.

Some solar panels also include a battery pack that stores excess energy created by the sun during the daytime to use later on in the day or night when it is most effective. This way you’re always using free, clean energy from the sun!

A total solar power home system consists of three main components: a solar panel, an inverter, and a battery pack. When installed properly by a professional, you don’t need to know how they work–you just enjoy their benefits!

How do you choose the right one for your home?

When it comes to solar, one size does not fit all. So how do you choose the right kit for your home?

The first step is to figure out the voltage conversion of your location and orientation in relation to the sun. This information is important because it will determine which kit you need.

Once you have that information, you’ll need to decide if you want a grid-tied solar panel system or an off-grid solar power system. A grid-tie allows homeowners who want to sell back their excess energy an easy way to do so, while an off-grid solar power system assures you have an alternative source for electricity during natural disasters–whether that be from a ground mount or rooftop install.

What are the components of a solar panel system?

A solar panel system is made up of a number of components, including:

  • Solar panels
  • Racking
  • Inverter
  • Battery storage
  • Charge controller

Solar panels

Solar panels are the key component of a solar power system. The cells in the panels are made of silicon, which can produce electricity when exposed to light. Monocrystalline solar panels are the most common type used today.

Homeowners can save money by choosing a polycrystalline panel, but this will reduce the amount of electricity produced overall. Monocrystalline panels produce more power for their size than polycrystalline panels do, and this allows them to be less expensive when installed in homes with low roof areas or in regions where electricity is very cheap.

Solar inverter

There are three types of inverters: central inverters, string inverters, and microinverters. Central inverters have the potential for efficiency loss because there is production loss if some panels are shaded by something like trees. String inverters work fine as long as all panels are facing the same direction and receive direct sunlight. However, if even one panel is not directly exposed to the sun, it will have a negative impact on the entire system.

Microinverter units attach to each solar panel and allow for smooth operations even when some panels are shaded by high trees or other objects that block sunlight from reaching those panels. This way, you don’t lose any power generation due to shading issues. A power optimizer is a type of inverter that converts DC to AC; it can be used in conjunction with either a central or microinverter unit but isn’t necessary unless your system has more than 40 solar modules connected in series (string).

Solar racking

Solar panels must be mounted on a racking system, which is attached to the roof. Racking systems come in many different shapes and sizes, so it is important to select the right one for your home. The optimal angle for solar panels depends upon the area in which you live and how much sun exposure your home needs.

Net meter

A net meter is a key component in solar systems that are connected to the grid. It records the energy flowing in both directions, and it helps homeowners take advantage of net metering. Net metering offers customers a lower electric bill. They can send excess power they generate back to the utility company, which reduces their overall electricity consumption from the grid. The electric meter used by solar systems is called a net meter.

Solar home systems can be connected to the utility grid or not, depending on state laws. Some states have laws that require all new homes to have solar panels installed; others allow people to choose whether they want to connect their system to the grid or not. Net metering allows consumers who do decide to connect their system to share their excess energy with the utility company, which lowers their bill and shortens the payback period for solar panels.

Solar performance monitoring

One way to ensure the best performance of your solar panel system is to install a monitoring system. This will allow you to keep track of how much energy your panels are producing and identify any potential problems.

Solar battery storage

Solar batteries are used with solar panels to store energy for later. This is an important part of a solar power home system because it means that you can use the sun’s energy even when it’s not shining.

Charge controllers are only found on systems that use batteries. They help to keep your battery healthy by preventing overcharging and other problems. Without a charge controller, your battery might not last as long as it should.

Hybrid solar systems and off-grid systems both require battery storage, but off-grid systems need more because they don’t have the grid to fall back on as hybrid systems do. A charge controller is an essential part of any off-grid solar system.

Grid-tie systems without batteries do not require a charge controller; the grid acts as their backup power supply.

Charge controller

Charge controllers are included in solar power systems with batteries. Charge controllers prevent the battery from being overcharged (which can cause a fire). It ensures that the correct voltage level is present to charge the battery properly and safely.

total solar power home system

What are the different types of total solar power home systems?

There are three main types of solar power systems: Grid-tied, hybrid, and off-grid.

Grid-tied systems can be connected to the grid for electricity use when not enough energy is produced by the solar panels; this allows them to partner with the utility company. Grid-tied solar systems are the cheapest option. They don’t provide backup power when the grid is down, but they offer quick payback because of their low cost and lack of complexity.

Hybrid systems are connected to the grid, but they also have a battery backup system. They are best for homes that use more electricity than solar panels can produce during peak hours of the day and rely on batteries to store the extra solar energy. These systems store energy from your solar panels in batteries that can be used during a power outage or other times when you need it.

Off-grid solar systems are expensive, and few people elect to go off-grid unless they live in a remote area where it’s difficult or impossible to get hooked up to the grid.

How to calculate how many solar panels you need

Annual electricity usage

The annual electricity usage is measured in kWh. This number is influenced by the appliances in your home and how often you use them. The average American household uses 10,715 kWh of electricity per year. If you are making significant changes to improve your home’s energy efficiency, then you may need less electricity.

Solar panel wattage

Solar panel wattage is measured in Watts. Panel wattage is the electricity output of a specific solar panel under ideal conditions. Panel watts are usually rated at around 350-400W.

Production ratios

When sizing a solar panel system, you’ll want to use production ratios to get an estimate of how many panels your system will need.

Production ratios are a measure of a solar panel system’s expected energy output. They’re calculated using the amount of sunlight your system will get, which is based on your location/time of year. The production ratio may also be called “watts-to-kWh.”

Production ratios are used to provide an estimation of the number of panels.

The formula used is: Number of panels = system size/production ratio * panel wattage

Let’s work out the math

Although you might be able to find a solar panel calculator online, using the formula in this passage will give you a rough estimate.

The production ratio and size of your system are important factors when calculating how many panels you need for your home.

The number of panels is dependent on the size of your system and the production ratio was chosen. The production ratio is a measure of how much energy your home uses, divided by the number of panels in your system.

The formula for calculating the number of solar panels needed is dependent on three factors: annual electricity usage, solar panel wattage, and production ratios.

How much do solar panels cost for an average home?

The average cost of a solar panel system for an average home is $20,498. This is based on an average cost of $2.77 per watt.

Solar panels are the most expensive part of a solar system. The cost per Watt is dependent on the efficiency level of the panels, and the quality of workmanship in installation.

Additional solar panel system costs

There are several other costs associated with installing a solar panel system that you should be aware of. The cost of labor will vary depending on your location, as different areas require different levels of expertise to install the panels. Additionally, the cost of mounting the panels may change depending on your area and the type of roof you have. It’s important to note that in order for solar power to flow, solar panels need to be installed—so this is an additional cost you’ll incur whether or not you go through with a full installation.

All things considered, it’s important to do your research before deciding if installing solar panels is right for you—and remember that installation costs vary from region to region.

How do I install a total solar power home system?

Installing a solar power home system is a big decision, but it’s one that can save you money in the long run. If you’re wondering how to install solar panels on your house, we’ve got all the information you need right here.

The first step is to find out if your home is a good fit for solar. You can use our calculator below to get an estimate of how much money you could save with solar. Once you know that solar is right for you, installation takes just one or two days.

Solar installation may take up to three months, but many homeowners are seeing delays due to permitting and utility approval processes. Thankfully, many companies are working toward faster-permitting processes which will reduce wait time for homeowners.

What are the benefits of a total solar power home system?

Solar power saves you money

Solar power systems offer a chance to systematize your home’s energy needs. Not only do they save you money on your electric bill, but they also act as an insurance policy against future rate hikes. The reason that solar savings can add up to such large sums of money is that electric rates will continue to increase over time, adding in more and more savings. In addition, many states offer tax breaks or other incentives for installing a solar power system.

Solar panels pay themselves off after seven to ten years, with a lifetime of 25-30 years to go. Installing solar now can protect your investment from potential changes in net metering policies (like decreasing payments). So if you’re thinking about going solar, don’t wait – it’s the best decision you’ll ever make!

Solar power increases your home’s value

One of the benefits of solar power is that it increases the value of your home. When you go to sell your home, a solar panel system will add value to your property and make it more attractive to potential buyers. In some cases, a solar installation can be worth more than the cost of the system itself.

This is because a solar power home system allows you to sell excess electricity back to the grid. You can get paid for every kilowatt hour that you produce over what you use in a month. This money goes directly into your pocket, making your electric bill significantly cheaper each month.

Solar power is easy to install

Many people think that installing solar panels is a difficult and time-consuming process, but that’s not always the case. In fact, many manufacturers have an approved installer program. This means that after you purchase your system, an installer will come to your home for onsite training and certification before installation begins.

What’s more, solar panels are becoming increasingly affordable. Costs vary depending on the size of your home, but there is a calculator which can help estimate how much solar power will cost for your specific needs.

Frequently asked questions

How do solar panels work?

Solar panels need to be exposed to sunlight in order to function. Solar cells are made up of semiconductors, which convert light into electricity. The more direct sunlight a solar panel is exposed to, the more electricity it will produce.

Are solar panels worth it?

Solar panels are worth it if you live in a sunny area. There is no doubt that the cost to install solar power systems has come down over time and they are now more affordable than ever before.

What are the best solar panels?

There are many different types of solar panels. The most common type is monocrystalline, which has a higher conversion efficiency and this means that it can produce more power per square foot than any other type of solar panel.

How much do solar panels save?

The potential savings of solar energy depend on where you live. The final savings will also depend on your climate needs and the size of your home.

Are there solar incentives or tax credits available?

The solar tax credit changes every year, so it’s important to time your purchase. You can take advantage of the solar tax credit if you install a system before the end of 2023.

The solar tax credit is good for 26% of the system costs in 2022 (going down to 22% in 2023) and then disappearing entirely in 2024 if it’s not extended again. Some state incentives are available that simplify the financial burden on homeowners who want to go solar – municipal programs and rebates may also reduce the cost even more, but it varies by location.

What is the warranty for this system like?

The power output of a solar panel decreases with time. The most common warranties are 10 and 25 years, which means that the company will replace the solar panel with a new one if it’s found to be defective 10 or 25 years after the installation.

If you would like to know if we can install solar and put thousands of dollars in your pocket for doing it, use the form below to submit your electric bill for a no cost, no obligation evaluation.