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How to Connect Solar Panel To House Electricity | A Step-by-Step Guide

What are solar panels and how do they work?

Solar panels are devices that convert sunlight into electrical energy. The sunlight hits the panels and the energy is converted into electrical current, which can then be used to power things like your home or car.

The current is then used to power appliances or charge batteries. Solar panels are made of photovoltaic (PV) cells. These cells are usually made of silicon, a semiconductor material.

This electric field pulls electrons free from the silicon atoms. These electrons flow through the cell as an electric current.

Solar panels are a type of renewable energy source that convert sunlight into usable electricity. This electricity can then be used to power your home and appliances. There are two types of solar panels: rooftop solar panels, which are installed atop a roof, and ground-mounted solar panels that are placed on the ground near your house to collect sunlight.

If you want to install a rooftop solar panel yourself then it’s best if you hire an electrician for the job because of safety concerns in case something goes wrong during installation. Solar panels should also be cleaned regularly to ensure maximum efficiency.

Solar panels are a great way to save money on your utility bills and may increase the value of your home when you sell it. They’re also good for the environment because they don’t produce any pollution or greenhouse gases like traditional forms of electricity generation do. However, there are a few drawbacks to solar power as well, such as high installation costs and the potential for maintenance issues with the equipment. Solar panels also require the use of electricity to function, so they won’t provide power when there is no sun.

Finally, solar panels can be expensive to install and may take a long time to break even with their cost. Before investing in solar panels, weigh the pros and cons carefully so you know how it will affect your budget, lifestyle, and home value before making an investment decision.

The components of a solar power system

The components of a solar power system are:

Solar panels

Solar cells are made of semiconductor materials like silicon. When sunlight shines on a cell, it creates an electric current. Individual solar cells are usually small, about the size of a postage stamp. To make a solar panel, many cells are combined together to make a larger panel. The more panels you have, the more energy you can generate.

This means that out of all the sunlight that hits them, they will convert 15 to 20 percent into electrical current. The rest is lost as heat. Solar panels work best when they face south and get lots of direct sunlight

Solar breaker

A solar breaker is a type of breaker that is specifically designed to protect solar panels from short circuits and overloads. Solar breakers are a necessary part of any solar installation and are responsible for preventing damage to the panels and other electrical components.

It is responsible for disconnecting the solar array from the electrical grid when there is a problem with the system, such as a short circuit. This prevents further damage to the system and helps protect people working on it. Solar breakers are also important for safety, because they prevent workers from coming into contact with live electrical wires.

Most solar arrays use automatic breakers, but some smaller systems or systems that are not connected to the grid may use manual breakers.

It is activated by a sensor, such as a photoelectric cell or a temperature-sensitive device, when it detects an overload on the system. This type of breaker is used to protect equipment from damage caused by too much current flowing through it.

how to connect solar panel to house electricity


An inverter is an electronic device that converts direct current (DC) to alternating current (AC). It is used to change the voltage of a power source and is often found in solar power systems and battery chargers.

It converts the direct current (DC) output of the solar panels into alternating current (AC) for use in your home or business. Inverters come in two types: string and micro-inverters.

AC power can be used directly by some appliances, such as lights and fans, but to run most appliances you will need a hybrid inverter.

The battery bank will then supply DC power to the hybrid inverter when there is no sunlight or when there is an excess of solar energy.

Mounting stand

Roof mounts attach the panels to the roof of the home or structure, while pole mounts place the panels on top of a tall pole. There is also a third type of mount, called a ground mount, which attaches panels to the ground. Ground mounts are usually used for large-scale solar installations.

Roof mounts are best for roofs with asphalt shingles, as they provide good stability and protection from weather damage. Pole mounts are ideal for locations that have limited space on the roof, such as dormers or bay windows.

The stand holds the solar panel in place and angles it toward the sun. It also secures the panel to prevent it from blowing away in strong winds.

There are also several types of portable mounts that can be used on boats, RVs and other moving vehicles

Battery bank

A battery bank is a collection of batteries that are wired together to store electrical energy. Battery banks are often used in renewable energy systems such as solar and wind power systems to store energy collected during periods of high production for use during periods of low production.

A battery bank is used in solar power systems to store energy collected from the sun during the day so that it can be used at night or during periods of low sunlight.

In a series connection, each battery’s voltage is added together to create a higher voltage output. In a parallel connection, each battery’s current is added together to create a higher current output.

A battery bank should always be connected in parallel when charging and in series when discharging.

The voltage of the battery bank determines how much power it can store. The more batteries in the bank, the higher the voltage and the more power it can store. A battery bank is made up of individual cells that are connected in series to create a higher voltage. A 12-volt battery bank, for example, would be made up of 12 individual cells that are all connected in series.

These batteries are designed to be discharged and then recharged over and over again. They are not as efficient at storing energy as other types of batteries, but they are less expensive and they last longer.

Charge Controller

A charge controller is an electronic device used to manage the charging of batteries from a solar array or wind turbine. It ensures that the battery is not overcharged, which can damage or ruin the battery.

The charge controller also protects the battery from overcharging. Most charge controllers have two charging modes: bulk and float. Bulk mode charges the battery as quickly as possible, while float mode maintains a constant voltage level in order to protect the battery’s life span.

Charge controller regulates the voltage and current coming from the solar panels, sending just enough power to the battery to keep it fully charged. It also prevents overcharging of the battery, which can damage or even destroy it. Some controllers also have a built-in inverter to convert direct current (DC) from the battery into alternating current (AC) for use in your home.

Without one, you could damage your panels, batteries and even your home electrical wiring. So be sure to choose a good quality controller when you’re putting together your solar power system.

AC/DC Meter

An AC/DC meter is a device that is used to measure the electrical current in both direct current (DC) and alternating current (AC) circuits. It is a common tool used by electricians and technicians to troubleshoot and diagnose electrical problems.

The meter has a transformer to convert the voltage to a lower value that can be measured by the meter’s circuitry, and it also has a rectifier to convert the alternating current into direct current. The DC output is then measured by the meter and displayed on its dial or digital display.

It has a transformer to convert the voltage to a lower value that can be measured by the meter’s circuitry, and it also has a rectifier to convert the alternating current into direct current. The DC output is then measured by the meter and displayed on its dial or digital display.

Grounding Rod

A grounding rod is a metal rod that is inserted into the ground to provide a path for electricity to flow from an object or structure to the ground. This helps to protect people and equipment from damage or injury that can be caused by electricity.

A properly installed grounding system protects people from electric shock by providing an escape route for the electricity.

A conductive rod is made of a good conductor such as copper or aluminum. A non-conductive rod is made of a material that does not allow electricity to flow through it easily, such as plastic or fiberglass.

If you have sandy soil, you will need a conductive rod because sand does not hold onto electrical charge very well. If you have clay soil, you will need a non-conductive rod because clay soils are good conductors.

This prevents damage to equipment and protects people from shock. It is important to install a grounding rod properly so that it can provide this safety function effectively.

How to connect solar panel to house electricity

There are two most common methods for connecting solar panels to your house: through wires and the grid, or by using an existing electrical line. It will depend on what type of electrical panel you have, as well as local building codes and regulations.

Many people choose to connect their solar panels to the existing electrical line because it is cheaper and easier to install. The existing electrical lines can carry excess power back through them so there is no increased load on service line. However, you will need a disconnect box outside your property if you decide to connect the solar modules directly into the existing line of electricity.

Determine your breaker size

To determine your breaker size, you’ll need to know the maximum amps your breaker can handle. You can find this information on the breaker itself or on the manufacturer’s website. Once you know the maximum amps, you can use a breaker size calculator to determine the size breaker you need.

Once you have that number, divide it by 120 (amps per breaker) and round up to the next breaker size. So, if your solar panel produces 10 amps, you would round up to a 15-amp breaker.

Mount the solar panels

The best way to mount solar panels is to find a south-facing surface that gets a lot of sun.

Position the solar panels so that they face south and have an unobstructed view of the sky. The angle at which you mount the solar panels will determine how much sunlight they absorb. Generally, a panel should be mounted at an angle equal to your latitude plus 15 degrees in order to get the most sunlight throughout the year.

If your roof is not suitable for mounting solar panels – or you don’t want to drill holes in your roof – there are other ways to install them. You can mount solar panels on the ground, on a pole, or on top of a building.

If you install them on a pole, make sure the angle at which they face the sun changes with the seasons so that they can collect sunlight throughout the year. And if you install them on top of a building, make sure they are facing south so that they can get direct sunlight all day long.

Connect the solar panels to the inverter

The solar panels need to be connected to the inverter in order to convert the DC power produced by the solar panels into AC power that can be used in the home.

The solar inverters should be connected to the breaker box in the house. This will allow for the conversion of solar power into electrical energy, which can then be used in the home.

Install the battery backup

The battery backup should be sized according to your needs. It is important to choose a quality battery backup that can withstand frequent cycling.

The battery backup will store energy from your solar panels so that you can use it at night or during a power outage. It is important to choose a battery backup that is large enough to meet your needs, and it is also important to make sure that the battery backup is compatible with your solar panel system.

This can be done by using the inverter or by using a special connector cable. Make sure that the connections are tight and secure, and then test the system to make sure that it is working properly.

Connect the battery backup to the inverter

To connect the battery backup to the inverter, you will need to first find the inverter’s positive and negative terminals. Next, connect the battery backup’s positive terminal to the inverter’s positive terminal, and then connect the battery backup’s negative terminal to the inverter’s negative terminal.

The inverter is what converts the DC power from the solar panels into AC power that can be used in your house. The inverter will also charge the battery backup. There are a few different ways to connect these two devices, so you will need to follow the instructions that came with your inverter.

Finalize connections and test

Refer to your installation manual for the specific wiring diagram for your system.

The negative terminal of each device should be connected together (either directly or through a common ground wire), as well as connected to a grounding point on your home’s electrical system.

Once everything is hooked up, turn on the breaker for your solar array and check to see if it is generating power by looking at your inverter’s display or monitoring software. If everything is working correctly, you should see a steady flow of energy from your solar panels into your home’s electrical system.

Tips on connecting solar panels to your home

Here are a few tips on connecting solar panels to your home:

– Review your energy usage and needs in order to determine the size and number of solar panels you will need.

– Make sure your home is compatible with solar panels and has the necessary wiring and infrastructure in place.

– Work with a qualified contractor to have the solar panels installed and connect to your home’s electrical system.

– Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for properly caring for and using your solar


– Review your solar panel warranty to find out what is covered and how long the warranty lasts.

Solar energy pros and cons

Let’s take a look at some of the pros and cons of solar energy:


  • Solar energy is a renewable resource.
  • Solar energy is environmentally friendly.
  • Solar panels are becoming more affordable.
  • You can sell excess solar power back to the grid.
  • Solar energy systems are relatively easy to install.
  • Solar panels work even in cloudy weather conditions or cold climates.
  • You can use solar energy to heat your home or water supply .


  • High upfront costs
  • Not every roof is right for solar
  • Finding an installer can be difficult

There are also some situations where you might want to avoid solar power options. For example, if you live in a shady area or if you have a lot of trees nearby that could shade your roof during certain times of the day.

Overall, solar energy is a smart investment for homeowners. Not only do they provide environmental benefits, but they can also save you money on your monthly electricity bill. Solar panels can be expensive, which may prevent some from investing in the technology. However, with new financing options becoming available every day, it’s becoming easier than ever for homeowners to go solar.

Net metering and grid-connected solar homes

Net metering is a billing mechanism that credits solar energy system owners for the electricity they add to the grid. Grid-connected solar homes are homes that are connected to the electricity grid and rely on the grid to provide backup power.

When a home with a solar energy system produces more power than the home uses, the excess power is sent back to the grid. The utility company then credits the homeowner’s account for that excess power at a rate equal to or slightly less than what they would have paid for electricity from the grid.

This helps offset some of the high up-front costs associated with installing a solar energy system. In addition, net metering can help utilities manage peak loads on their systems, since solar energy systems only generate power during daylight hours.

For example, people without solar energy systems still subsidize those who do have them through higher rates charged by utilities to cover fixed costs like transmission and distribution infrastructure. Some also argue that net metering creates an unfair advantage for rooftop solar over larger-scale projects like community solar gardens

Frequently Asked Questions

How are solar panels connected to the house?

One way is to use an off-the-grid inverter, which will convert the DC power from the solar panels into AC power that can be used in your home. Another option is to use a grid-tied inverter, which will synchronize with your local utility company and sell any excess energy back to them. You can also use a microinverter for each panel, or install a battery bank that stores energy collected during the day for use at night.

How to wire solar panels to breaker box?

Wiring solar panels to a breaker box is the most common way of wiring your system. Your first step should be finding out where you’re going to put all your panel and inverter. The next step is to find the breaker panel for your home and then figure out which circuit will be best suited for you solar panels. Once you’ve determined that, you’ll need to break the circuit breaker off from the main panel. Next, you will have to find out which wires in your system are hot and which ones are neutral. Always connect your solar panels to the hot wire. You should also use a grounding rod and connect it to your solar system as well.

How do you hook up an inverter to a breaker box?

You will need to find an unused circuit in your breaker box and connect the black wire from the inverter to the breaker in that circuit. You will also need to connect the white wire from the inverter to the neutral bus bar in your breaker box. Finally, you will need to connect the green wire from the inverter to a ground rod or electrical outlet.

Can I install solar panels on my home myself?

Unless you are familiar with electrical wiring and the installation of solar panels, there is a greater risk for mistakes that could lead to an unsafe home and decreased performance of your solar panels. It is best to hire a professional installer who will be able to ensure that your system is installed correctly and safely.

What percentage of your home can you power with solar electricity?

Generally speaking, you can expect to generate about 100 watts per square foot of solar panel. So if you have a 2,000-square-foot roof, you could install up to 20 kilowatts (kW) worth of solar panels and generate enough energy to power most or all of your home. Some homeowners even generate more electricity than they use and receive credits from their utility company for the surplus.

If you would like to know if we can install solar and put thousands of dollars in your pocket for doing it, use the form below to submit your electric bill for a no cost, no obligation evaluation.